PrEP is an active oral preventive treatment against the HIV virus. It is available to people most at risk of HIV, namely :
- men who have sex with men (MSM) and their partners
- trans* people and their partners
- people from countries with high HIV prevalence (sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Europe, Caribbean, etc.) and their partners
- exposed sex workers- ·e- ·sex workers and their partners
- users- ·In addition to the above, there are a number of other issues that need to be addressed in order to ensure that the health of drug users and their partners is not compromised.
Post-exposure treatment for HIV (PEP)
For people most at risk of HIV: within 48 hours (72 hours MAXIMUM) after a high-risk and unprotected sexual encounter (sexual assault, intercourse between men, intercourse with a person from a country heavily affected by HIV, etc.), it is possible to go to the emergency room of a hospital specialising in HIV to request an EPCT, which can still prevent a possible contamination with HIV/AIDS. It is best to go as soon as possible. The treatment is always free of charge, but the follow-up is charged and reimbursed by the health insurance companies. The VCT is rarely available outside the specialised HIV centre and will therefore be charged for.
To find out where to get post-exposure treatment, go to this page.
Undetectable = Untransmissible, treatment as prevention
Current treatments allow people living with HIV to stop transmitting the virus sexually to their partner(s).
Having an undetectable viral load means that, thanks to medication, the amount of virus in the body is so low that it can no longer be detected in the laboratory. In other words, an HIV-positive person who has an undetectable viral load thanks to their treatment no longer transmits the virus sexually and protects their partners. Having sex with a person with an undetectable viral load is absolutely no risk of contracting HIV.