MYCOPLASMA GENITALIUM

An emerging STI!

Sexually transmitted, the bacterium mycoplasma genitalium can cause inflammation in the urinary and genital tracts of men and women. The test is only recommended in case of symptoms, but the availability of tests for the detection of this bacterium is currently limited in Belgium.

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Transmission modes

The mycoplasma genitalium is transmitted:

  • during unprotected anal or vaginal sex. The presence of mycoplasma genitalium in the throat is rare. 

People with mycoplasma genitalium infection are more likely to be infected with HIV.

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Symptoms

  • Often asymptomatic
  • Unusual vaginal discharge/unusual discharge from the penis
  • Intermenstrual bleeding or bleeding after vaginal intercourse 
  • Pain when urinating
  • Acute inflammation of the urethra and persistent or recurrent inflammation of the penis. 
  • Can also give rectitis (inflammation of the rectum) with anal pain, bleeding
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Consequences if undetected and untreated

  • Infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes
  • Genital infection and urinary disorders
  • Sterility
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Screening

Screening for mycoplasma genitalium is carried out:

  • Via a vaginal, anal and throat smear
  • Via a 'first pass' urine test

Visit a general practitioner, gynaecologist, urologist, proctologist or ENT specialist.

À Unlike chlamydia, a test is only recommended in case of symptoms. This test is currently not widely available in Belgium.

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Treatment

The mycoplasma genitalium is treated with appropriate antibiotics.

Remember to get your partner treated and to protect yourself during sex!

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Protection

To protect yourself from mycoplasma genitaliumit is recommended toTo protect yourself from m ycoplasma genitalium , it is recommended to use a condom (internal or external).

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